Using Textual Inversion Files#
Textual inversion (TI) files are small models that customize the output of Stable Diffusion image generation. They can augment SD with specialized subjects and artistic styles. They are also known as "embeds" in the machine learning world.
Each TI file introduces one or more vocabulary terms to the SD model. These are
known in InvokeAI as "triggers." Triggers are denoted using angle brackets
as in "<trigger-phrase>". The two most common type of
TI files that you'll encounter are
.bin files, which are produced by
different TI training packages. InvokeAI supports both formats, but its
built-in TI training system produces
Hugging Face has amassed a large library of >800 community-contributed TI files covering a broad range of subjects and styles. You can also install your own or others' TI files by placing them in the designated directory for the compatible model type
Here are a few examples to illustrate how it works. All these images were generated using the legacy command-line client and the Stable Diffusion 1.5 model:
|Japanese gardener||Japanese gardener <ghibli-face>||Japanese gardener <hoi4-leaders>||Japanese gardener <cartoona-animals>|
You can also combine styles and concepts:
|A portrait of <alf> in <cartoona-animal> style|
Installing your Own TI Files#
You may install any number of
.bin files simply by copying them into
embedding directory of the corresponding InvokeAI models directory (usually
in your home directory). For example, you can simply move a Stable Diffusion 1.5 embedding file to
sd-1/embedding folder. Be careful not to overwrite one file with another.
For example, TI files generated by the Hugging Face toolkit share the named
learned_embedding.bin. You can rename these, or use subdirectories to keep them distinct.
At startup time, InvokeAI will scan the various
embedding directories and load any TI
files it finds there for compatible models. At startup you will see a message similar to this one:
<key in your prompt to open the Textual Inversion WebUI and select the embedding you'd like to use. This UI has type-ahead support, so you can easily find supported embeddings.
Created: November 30, 2022